Dommage collatéral de l’affaire Aminatou Haïdar: Miguel Angel Moratinos

Le gouvernement socialiste de José Luis Zapatero, et surtout son ministre des affaires étrangères Miguel Angel Moratinos, a été l’un des plus favorables au Maroc depuis 1975. En dépit d’une pression de l’opinion publique et d’une société civile chauffées à blanc contre la position marocaine sur le Sahara, le tandem Zapatero/Moratinos a accueilli raisonnablement favorablement la proposition marocaine de solution politique sur la base d’une large autonomie interne des provinces du Sud.

C’est peu de dire que l’affaire Aminatou Haïdar, cette Marocaine séparatiste illégalement refoulée du Maroc et privée de son passeport, a radicalisé encore plus l’opinion espagnole, et rendu pratiquement intenable la position très modérée du gouvernement Zapatero, en mauvaise passe par ailleurs dans les sondages. Pour preuve, cette déclaration récente de Miguel Angel Moratinos à Washington lors de sa conférence de presse conjointe avec la secrétaire d’Etat étatsunienne Hillary Clinton:

QUESTION: Good morning. (In Spanish.)

SECRETARY CLINTON: Do you want to do the question first?

INTERPRETER: Sure. Mr. Minister, if we understood correctly, you discussed the issue of Sahara. Right now, there is a problem with a Western Sahara citizen that you were aware of. What type of cooperation did you ask from the United States over that issue? Also, last week, it was said that there is no intervention necessary right now from the king. At what point would the king’s intervention be necessary?

FOREIGN MINISTER MORATINOS: (Via interpreter) First of all, thank you for the question. I was expecting it. So yes, the Secretary of State and I did speak about the issue. We did speak about Mrs. Haidar’s situation concretely, as well as the problem overall in Western Sahara. And obviously, as two allies and two partners with interests in the regions, we must collaborate, we must cooperate, and we need to find a solution to the Haidar case, not through pressure of any kind that we’re applying, but by suggesting to her that her cause, which is a legitimate cause, does not require her to go on a hunger strike.

We are all looking for a solution to the situation that has arisen from her expulsion from Laayoune, and we will continue to work in that direction and we will continue to work, moreover, to find a definitive solution to the situation in Western Sahara, where what we need is a new dynamic, a new engagement, not just there, but in North Africa as a whole. As you know, North Africa – events in North Africa have bearing throughout the international community. We have seen the example of the Sahel. We have seen al-Qaida operating in Maghreb.

So the U.S. and Spain – it’s in their interest to work toward the betterment of the integration of that region. We would like to see a better relationship, a better understanding, between Algeria and Morocco. And we will continue, as I said, to work with the – also work toward an understanding with the Polisario Front so that the people of Western Sahara can have self-determination.

But as far as Ms. Haidar, we think that we need to find a solution. She should abandon the hunger strike, but she should continue to strongly and firmly defend her cause so that we can better and improve the situation in Western Sahara.

However, as far as your second question regarding the king, I would like to say that I feel that this is primarily the government’s responsibility. The king may or may not intervene, but I feel that it is, first of all, the government’s responsibility to act.

On notera que seuls les journalistes espagnols ont posé des questions sur Aminatou Haïdar, signe du relatif désintérêt pour cette affaire en dehors du Maroc, de l’Algérie et de l’Espagne, même si cette militante séparatiste n’a bien évidemment jamais connu une telle publicité. Et le Roi dont ils parlent est le Roi Juan Carlos, constiutionnellement exclu de la gestion des relations extérieures de l’Espagne, mais dont de nombreux sympathisants séparatistes espagnoles exigent l’intervention auprès de son collègue marocain afin de mettre fin à l’exil involontaire d’Aminatou Haïdar.

On notera surtout que Moratinos, régulièrement critiqué pour son tropisme pro-marocain, déclare la cause séparatiste  d’Aminatou « légitime » et lui demande de continuer son combat « avec force ». Voilà à quoi en est réduit un ministre des affaires étrangères espagnol

Ma’ak ya el khadra

Aminatou Haïdar et l'ambassadeur algérien à Washington

La voix de son maître

Action speaks louder than words, disent les anglophones, et les actes valent mieux que de longs discours. Il semblerait en tout cas que la Marocaine Aminatou Haïdar aie pris au pied de la lettre le slogan footballistique scandé par tant de ses compatriotes les 14 et 18 novembre – mais je ne suis pas sûr que ces photos avec l’ambassadeur algérien à Washington, Abdallah Baali, soient à interpréter à travers un canevas purement sportif, d’autant qu’il me semble que ces photos datent du 14 novembre, certes, mais 2008:

Meeting with an Algerian delegation from CNASPS:

On Friday, November 14, 2008, H.E. Mr. Abdallah Baali, Ambassador of Algeria to the United States of America, met at the Embassy with a delegation from the Algerian National Committee of Solidarity with the Sahrawi People (CNASPS) led by its President, Mr. Mehrez Lamari, and including the Mayor of the City of Algiers, Mr. Tayeb Zitouni, the Chairman of the Algerian Red Crescent, Mr. Hadj Hamou Zegguir, the representative of the Laamoudi Foundation, Mr. Mourad Laamoudi, as well as former Olympic champion and 1500m two-time gold medalist Ms. Hassiba Boulmerka. The CNASPS delegation was in Washington to specifically attend the 25th Annual Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights Award ceremony which this year honored the Sahrawi activist and Western Sahara’s most prominent human rights defender Ms. Aminatou Haidar, regularly referred to as the “Sahrawi Gandhi”. Over 300 people, including the late Senator’s daughter Kerry Kennedy and David Gregory, NBC News Chief White House Correspondent who was Master of Ceremonies, attended the event held last Thursday November 13th at the Russell Senate Office Building. The CNASPS delegation’s attendance of this year’s ceremony was the testimony of the support and solidarity of the Algerian civil society to the just cause of the Sahrawi people. During its stay in Washington, the Algerian delegation also had a number of meetings in Congress, with non-governmental organizations, as well as with members of the Algerian community. (Source: Embassy of Algeria in the USA)

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