Getting it right on Syria and the Arab revolutions

Excellent article in The Socialist Worker – affiliated to the trotskyite SWP – on Syria:

The past few days may have seen the balance of forces tilt decisively against Bashar al-Assad and his regime. Paradoxically, a significant section of the Western left seems to have tilted as decisively in their favour.

Take, for example, a widely circulated interview with Tariq Ali, where he claims that the struggle in Syria is part of “a new process of recolonisation”. Although I have great respect and affection for Tariq, I think this is nonsense. (…)

Those in the Western left who allow a reflexive and unthinking “anti-imperialism” to set them against the Syrian revolution are simply confessing their own bankruptcy.

I agree wholeheartedly. Not only are many on the left (not only there though) unable to think through the Arab Spring and its spinoffs in reality-based terms, but they are hostage to old ways of thinking, notably as to the role of Western powers. If there is something that has to be completely dismissed in today’s Arab world, it is the ability of Western powers to shape an Arab country’s politics according to their wishes. While Arab countries do not live in a bubble and are of course amenable to foreign influence, no longer will foreign – read Western – powers be able to dictate the terms of leadership struggles or even foreing policy (Libya is an odd case here). They can weigh in, but their influence is limited as compared to the weight of public opinion and the political forces present in the institutions of the state.

What influence did any Western power have over the Tunisian revolution, or even the Egyptian one? The height of US influence the last year was its ability to get its NGO workers out of Egypt, but that’s hardly a decisive influence on an issue of substance in Egyptian politics. The issue of Egypt’s peace treaty with Israel is probably the one issue on which the US government has been able to exert influence, but it is also arguably an issue that Egyptians themselves would solve through some sort of statu quo – no Egyptian I know has any aptite for a military stand-off with Israel to start with, although many want the peace treaty to remain just that, and cease to be the fealty oath it turned into under the Mubarak years.

Take the case of Iraq: sure, the US was able to invade and occupy that country, smash its political structure, entrench sectarianism and kill and maim well over one hundred thousand Iraqi civilians – but the end result is a government they do not control – if any foreign country wields decisive influence over Iraq it is Iran – and which basically kicked US troops out of the country. Bombing and killing the USA may continue to do in Iraq in the future, but they are not able of directing its politics the way they once dreamt of.

Tunisians and Egyptians gained their freedom by relying on their own strength and commitment, rejecting any foreign involvement. While quite some Syrian revolutionaries are now asking for foreign military intervention – understandably so in view of the massacres committed by régime forces – not all of them do so, and interest for such an option seems lukewarm outside of the armchair editorialist and liberal interventionism cottage industry. But what is undisputed is the massive lack of domestic legitimacy that Bashar el Assad’s régime has – you don’t need to have actually read Michel Seurat’s « L’Etat de barbarie » to recognise that.

Not any dictator opposed – although in the case of Syria that claim would be dubious, as he wasn’t actively opposed by any Western country since the end of the Bush presidency (France let go of its opposition once Syrian troops left Lebanon in 2005 and Hariri-funded Chirac left the presidency to Sarkozy) before he started slaughtering his own population – by Western powers is necessarily worthy of support. That was true in Serbia in the 90’s, Iraq from 1991 to 2003, and is still true in Syria today. Not everything that happens in Arab countries is the result of CIA memos, Mossad plots, Foreign Office instructions or Open Society grants, and if the State Department wants to see the back of Bashar, for all my hostility to the successive US governments’ foreign policy, I find it hard not to share that wish. And I remain adamantly opposed to any NATO intervention, in the Middle East or anywhere else for that matter – it is dubious whether this military alliance still has a raison d’être, but whatever is left only justifies defensive missions.

4 Réponses

  1. However, the explosive and insane situation prevailing in Syria refers us directly to pure years of the Cold War in what they were more cynical and scathing: while a third world dictatorship of ‘’soviet’’ obedience with the support of Moscow is going after his opponents or armed civilians in a bloody, endless and terrible prosecution, the CIA and all the elite capitalist spies are busy at the borders of this country in war to bring weapons, logistical support and propaganda… to win a game wich the issues and interests are not as important as what they say ! Indeed, China and Poutin’s Russia (in 2012) still support Assad for outdated ideological reasons with very little geostrategic interests, and more for the prestige and weight of their UN permanent members seats that gives them the power against the western clan who’s facing an economic crisis with imminent threats to the global economics…

    Why two superpowers who not only survived the fall of the Berlin Wall, but had the opportunity to become the mega industrial and energy powers of our era, feel compelled or obliged to endorse a dictator who kills his people ‘’live’’ and facing the world ?! What sympathies may have both regimes whose political culture as well as economics or even religions are almost the antithesis of Baathist culture, the tourism economy or the Shia Alawite given the Assad regime?! Absolutely none, except to play the conquerors of a new world order! This is all ‘’bullshit’’ and has no justification … especially since the Russian and Chinese weapons sales to Assad clan must be peanuts compared to astronomical exportations they secure around the globe!

    The Chinese and Russians are aware that even a (an impossible) military victory for Assad to restore his power does not constitute any form of geostrategic gain in size or meaning, and will have to end up in negotiation of an inevitable political transition with his enemies! What’s the point then to allow more massacres? Nothing, except to confirm that the middle east is not worth a nail for them, as well as for their opponents the NATO clan. nothing has changed in 60 years of ideological war..!

    It is likely that the two opposed super power clans expect that Bachar uses his chemical weapons against its people or its Muslim neighbors before reacting … it seems that China and Russia seek such an opportunity for ‘’reconciliation’’ with NATO , or ‘’redefinition’’ of it’s role and accesses…so they can intervene with their own sovereign forces with a lower role for NATO to mark the history !

    This was my modest opinion, I presume that this kind of situation could one day affect Saudi Arabia…and I won’t be surprised !

  2. The twisted thinking gets even more complicated from what I can gather here in Algiers. The reasoning goes like this: Islamists are allies of the US (or even their creation depending on who you talk to) and therefore their electoral success (Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco etc.) is proof that the arab revolutions have been planned by the CIA with funding and assistance from Qatar and Saudi Arabia.

  3. […] Kafka, a Moroccan jurist and blogger, has a very good commentary taking to task the attitude of many on the left toward what is happening in Syria. Lefties: please […]

  4. […] Getting it right on Syria and the Arab revolutions ( […]

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