Julien Salingue: « A quoi sert un Etat palestinien sans souveraineté palestinienne? »

Une remarque intéressante de Julien Salingue, dans un entretien accordé à L’Express:

Le principal enjeu de la Palestine, c’est la souveraineté, politique et territoriale. Elle peut toujours être reconnue par 191 Etats, mais elle n’est pas souveraine. Une partie de son territoire est toujours occupée par Israël, et le fait d’être un « Etat » ne réglera pas la question des réfugiés ou des Palestiniens discriminés en Israël.

Il ne croit pas si bien dire: il y a même des entités reconnues en tant qu’Etat qui ne recouvrent aucune réalité – la RASD par exemple, reconnue par une quarantaine d’Etats et membre de l’Union africaine mais qui n’exerce aucune souveraineté…

Tel père, tel fils, même en Palestine

abbas1
La défense inconditionnelle de la cause palestinienne est en de bonnes mains:

Yasser Abbas, the son of Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas, revealed this week that he’s a self-made millionaire who started his own business shortly after the signing of the Oslo Accords.

In an interview with the Dubai-based Al-Aswak.net economic magazine, Abbas’s son, who was named after former PA leader Yasser Arafat, also declared that « a majority of Palestinians, » including himself, « collaborate with Israel. »

Le devouement a la cause ne paie pas:

In the interview, the first of its kind, the 46-year-old Yasser, who is a Canadian national, claimed that 25 percent of his income went to the PA budget. In return, he said, the PA government had never offered him so much as a free airline ticket or one pill of Aspirin for his daughter. (…)

The son also revealed that he owns a number of companies (Falcon Trading Group) with an annual income of $35 million. He complained, however, that he had never received any privileges due to the fact that he’s the son of the PA president.

Sa contribution à l’édification d’une société palestinienne libre et indépendante est indéniable:

One of his smaller companies, Falcon Tobacco, has a monopoly over the marketing of US-made cigarettes such as Kent and Lucky in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, he added.

Son engagement pour une économie palestinienne indépendante et forte est inflexible:

Asked if he was doing business with Israelis, Yasser replied: « How can you get merchandise into the Gaza Strip if the Israeli and Palestinian ministers of economy don’t talk to each other? Dozens of Hamas supporters are receiving medical treatment in Israeli hospitals. Most Palestinians collaborate with Israel, while the rest live on the rain. »

Par ailleurs, je vous rappelle qu’Abbas sr vient d’avoir une conversation des plus chaleureuses avec le militant pacifiste israëlien Benyamin Netanyahu:

JERUSALEM (CNN) — Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas telephoned Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on Sunday, and the two enjoyed a « warm and friendly » conversation, Netanyahu’s office said in a statement.

During the talk, Netanyahu « recalled the cooperation between them — and the talks that they held — in the past, and noted that he intended to do so again in the future in order to advance peace between Israel and the Palestinians, » the statement said.

Abbas wished Netanyahu a Happy Passover, and agreed that both sides need to work toward peace.

Self-explanatory, comme disent les juristes anglais.

Un ancien diplomate étatsunien à Gaza confirme: les Etats-Unis ont financé et armé le Fatah contre le Hamas

abbasandbush
Norman H. Olsen, ancien diplomate étatsunien en poste à Gaza, confirme ce que l’on savait déjà:

Hamas never called for the elections that put them in power. That was the brainstorm of Secretary Rice and her staff, who had apparently decided they could steer Palestinians into supporting the more-compliant Mahmoud Abbas (the current president of the Palestinian authority) and his Fatah Party through a marketing campaign that was to counter Hamas’s growing popularity – all while ignoring continued Israeli settlement construction, land confiscation, and cantonization of the West Bank.

State Department staffers helped finance and supervise the Fatah campaign, down to the choice of backdrop color for the podium where Mr. Abbas was to proclaim victory. An adviser working for the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) explained to incredulous staffers at the Embassy in Tel Aviv how he would finance and direct elements of the campaign, leaving no US fingerprints. USAID teams, meanwhile, struggled to implement projects for which Abbas could claim credit. Once the covert political program cemented Fatah in place, the militia Washington was building for Fatah warlord-wannabee Mohammed Dahlan would destroy Hamas militarily.

Malheureusement pour les Etats-Unis, Israël et leurs alliés arabes, les électeurs palestiniens en ont voulu autrement:

Their collective confidence was unbounded. But the Palestinians didn’t get the memo. Rice was reportedly blindsided when she heard the news of Hamas’s victory during her 5 a.m. treadmill workout. But that did not prevent a swift response.

She immediately insisted that the Quartet (the US, European Union, United Nations, and Russia) ban all contact with Hamas and support Israel’s economic blockade of Gaza. The results of her request were mixed, but Palestinian suffering manifestly intensified. The isolation was supposed to turn angry Palestinians against an ineffective Hamas. As if such blockades had not been tried before.

Simultaneously, the US military team expanded its efforts to build the Mohammed Dahlan-led militia. President Bush considered Dahlan « our guy. » But Dahlan’s thugs moved too soon. They roamed Gaza, demanding protection money from businesses and individuals, erecting checkpoints to extort bribes, terrorizing Dahlan’s opponents within Fatah, and attacking Hamas members.

Finally, in mid-2007, faced with increasing chaos and the widely known implementation of a US-backed militia, Hamas – the lawfully elected government – struck first. They routed the Fatah gangs, securing control of the entire Gaza Strip, and established civil order.

Its efforts stymied, the US has for more than a year inflexibly backed Israel’s embargo of Gaza and its collective punishment of the Strip’s 1.5 million residents. The recent six-month cease-fire saw a near cessation of rocket fire into Israel and calm along the border, yet the economic siege was further tightened.

Conclusion:

Our « good, » US-supported Palestinians did not vanquish the « bad » Palestinians any more than Washington’s Lebanese clients turned on Hezbollah, despite the suffering and death of the 2006 war with Israel. Abbas sits emasculated in Ramallah. The Israelis continue to build settlements while blaming Iran for their troubles, as though the Palestinians have no grievances of their own. And we are further than ever from peace.

Ses recommandations à Obama:

That’s why President-elect Obama must reconsider his plan to appoint a traditional Washington-based Middle East envoy, reportedly former envoy Dennis Ross, and instead pursue a course that signals change. He should:

Declare his determination to pursue from his first day in office, not the final six months, full peace between Israel and all its neighbors. Only by doing so can he win support among Israelis, Palestinians, the Congress, and the international partners we’ll need to support this historic effort.

Name an outstanding peace envoy to be resident full time in the region with authority over our missions in Tel Aviv and Jerusalem. He or she must have the presidential backing and stamina to withstand the pressures and pitfalls of a comprehensive peace process over the long haul. In addition, this envoy must have authority over all US interactions with the Palestinians and Israelis and later, with other parties, reporting directly to the president in collaboration with the National Security Adviser and secretary of State. Assisted with staff comprising the US government’s foremost experts, this envoy would be the single US voice on this issue.

Empower the envoy to engage with all parties to the conflict, regardless of current prohibitions, on all issues, overturning long-established policy.

Fund a political and economic development process second only to those in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Sur le soutien étatsunien au Fatah et surtout à Mohamed Dahlan, l’Oufkir palestinien, voir l’article-révélation de Vanity Fair d’avril 2008.

« What good has it done the Palestinians to recognise you? »

Sur Al Jazeera, un ancien ambassadeur israëlien à Washington, Zalman Shoval (Likoud), s’est fait reprendre en pleine volée par un professeur de sciences politiques irakien, Saad Naji Jawad, alors qu’il répétait le mensonge le plus courant dans la bouche des talking heads israëliens et pro-israëliens: « Hamas ne reconnaît pas Israël« . On sait que c’est faux: pas plus tard qu’en novembre 2008, Ismaïl Haniyeh a accepté le principe d’une reconnaissance d’Israël, de même que Khaled Meshaal à plusieurs reprises et dernièrement dans un entretien accordé à Alain Gresh du Monde diplomatique, et il a longtemps été clair que la question de la reconnaissance d’Israël – dans la perspective du Hamas -était d’ordre politique et tactique, pas idéologique, alors qu’Israël aurait tendance à instrumentaliser la question afin de justifier son refus de toute négociation et concession.

La réplique de Saad Naji Jawad était tout aussi fulgurante que parfaitement logique: « what good has it done the Palestinians to recognise you? » – « qu’est-ce que ça leur a rapporté que de vous reconnaître, aux Palestiniens?« . Si Mohamed Dahlan a peut-être tiré personnellement profit de cette reconnaissance, il est indéniable que du point de vue du peuple palestinien, et de la création d’un Etat palestinien, cette reconnaissance d’Israël matérialisée par le calamiteux processus d’Oslo a été désastreuse – la reconnaissance d’Israël doit faire partie de l’issue finale des négociations, pas des préalables. Abandonnant sa meilleure carte avant le début des négociations sur le fond, sur l’étendue et les modalités d’un Etat palestinien, le Fatah n’a pu que subir la poursuite de la colonisation et des tueries israëliennes.

Cette question devrait hanter les nuits et les jours d’Abou Mazen, après avoir rongé ceux de Yassir Arafat.

L’Autorité palestinienne participe au combat

Qui a dit que l’Autorité palestinienne d’Abou Mazen était passive face à l’offensive israëlienne?
lautorite-palestinienne-participe-au-combat

A member of the Palestinian security forces (R) kicks a Palestinian stone-thrower, protesting Israel’s offensive in Gaza, in the West Bank town of Bethlehem January 8, 2009.

Voltes-faces, ou qui a dit que l’opinion publique n’existe pas?

Abdallah Abdallah, un dirigeant et député du Fatah en Cisjordanie, tient un discours unitaire. Il dément fermement que le Fatah serait prêt à rentrer dans Gaza sur les chars israëliens; il prétend qu’Israël ne souhaite pas que l’Autorité palestinienne (ce par quoi il faut entendre le Fatah) s’installe à Gaza. Ce n’est pas ce qu’ont dit les porte-paroles du gouvernement israëlien interviewés sur Al Jazeera, ni Ehud Barak lors de son discours hier. Et ce n’est pas conforme avec les premières réactions du Fatah au début de la guerre contre Gaza, qui, tout comme Israël, faisaient porter toute la responsabilité au Hamas.

Abdallah Abdallah a rajouté que les militants du Fatah à Gaza se battaient avec ceux du Hamas contre l’invasion, et que les Palestiniens tués en Cisjordanie ces derniers jours étaient tous des militants de Fatah.

Il y a eu ces derniers jours de nombreuses manifestations, y compris à Ramallah, fief du Fatah, appelant à l’unité et dénoncant sans aucune ambiguïté la guerre d’agression israëlienne. La révolte, en Palestine et même dans le reste du monde arabe, où Abou Mazen et ses complices arabes sont désormais ouvertement traités de supplétifs israëliens. L’influence des réactions de l’opinion palestinienne, arabe et mondiale est évidente. Il faut avoir entendu le sheikh Hamad de Bahreïn appeler à une action diplomatique arabe unifiée contre Israël, et critiquer l’Egypte, pour se rendre compte que les opportunistes les moins fermés aux choses de l’esprit sentent passer le vent du boulet.

Même le Jerusalem Post, proche du Likoud, reconnaît que les divisions sont fortes au sein du Fatah, où même des ministres du Fatah se sont révoltés:

Fatah: Let us help you fight Israel in Gaza
By KHALED ABU TOAMEH
RAMALLAH
Jerusalem Post Jan 2, 2009 0:11 | Updated Jan 3, 2009 2:13

Fatah operatives in the West Bank on Thursday criticized the Palestinian Authority leadership and accused its representatives of failing to take a « tough stance » against the current IDF military operation in the Gaza Strip.

One of them, Ziad Abu Ein, a deputy minister in the PA, called on Hamas to return the weapons it had confiscated from Fatah members in the Gaza Strip so they could help in fighting against the IDF during a ground offensive.

Abu Ein said Fatah had about 70,000 loyalists in the Gaza Strip, many of them former members of the PA security forces, who were prepared to repel an Israeli incursion.

Meanwhile, a senior aide to PA President Mahmoud Abbas launched a scathing attack on Hamas and accused it of being a puppet in the hands of Iran. He also denied allegations by Hamas and other Palestinians that Abbas was planning to return to the Gaza Strip « aboard an Israeli tank. »

Some Fatah representatives went as far as accusing the PA leaders of « collusion » with Israel to get rid of the Hamas government so they could return to the Gaza Strip.

The Fatah members, who spoke on condition of anonymity, pointed out that the PA leadership here had banned all forms of demonstrations in support of Hamas in the West Bank.

« They allowed people to demonstrate in the first two days, but then started cracking down on the demonstrators, » said a senior Fatah official. « You’re permitted to demonstrate only if you promise to refrain from voicing your support for Hamas. »

The Fatah official and some Palestinians told The Jerusalem Post that Abbas’s forces in some West Bank cities had forced merchants who were on strike to open their businesses. The strike was organized by various Palestinian factions in protest against the ongoing war in the Gaza Strip.

Another Fatah official said it was « ironic and sad » that people were demonstrating in Tokyo and London against the Israeli offensive while the PA was trying to halt such protests out of fear that they would turn into pro-Hamas rallies.

The criticism against Abbas and the PA leadership is a sign of growing divisions inside the ruling Fatah faction over how to relate to the anti-Hamas IDF campaign.

Senior Fatah members – including Marwan Barghouti, the top Fatah operative who is serving life terms in Israeli prison – are said to be « enraged » with the way Abbas is handling the conflict.

In messages to the PA leadership, some of the senior Fatah figures threatened to come out in public against Abbas unless he took « real » steps to exert pressure on Israel to halt the offensive. One of their primary demands was that Abbas suspend peace talks with Israel and stop security coordination with Israel and the clampdown on Hamas members in the West Bank.

Moreover, the Fatah officials demanded that Abbas release all Hamas detainees from his prisons and agree to the resumption of reconciliation talks with Hamas.

The Fatah officials are worried that the IDF operation will make their leaders appear as if they were collaborating with Israel. The Arab media has been full of unconfirmed reports suggesting that the main goal of the Israeli operation is to pave the way for the return of Abbas’s men to the Gaza Strip after they were kicked out in the summer of 2007.

On Thursday, the secretary-general of the Damascus-based Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine, Nayef Hawatmeh, joined Hamas in claiming that some Arab leaders, including Abbas, had apparently given Israel a green light to launch its attack.

While some Fatah members appeared to be unhappy with the IDF operation, others expressed hope that Israel would destroy Hamas.

« I have no sympathy for Hamas because of what they did to our Fatah brothers in the Gaza Strip, » said a Fatah activist in the nearby Al-Amari refugee camp. « They brought this disaster on themselves because of their crimes against our people. We will never forget what they did to us. »

Senior PA officials here strongly denied Hamas allegations that Abbas had established an emergency room to prepare for the return of his loyalists to the Gaza Strip after the collapse of the Hamas government.

Tayeb Abdel Rahim, a senior adviser to Abbas, accused Hamas of spreading « lies » and of incitement against the PA leadership. He admitted, however, that the PA had formed a special committee « to follow up on the situation in the Gaza Strip. »

The attack on Hamas was the fiercest by a top PA official since the beginning of the IDF operation. It came despite an order issued by Abbas earlier in the day banning PA and Fatah representatives from openly criticizing Hamas and Islamic Jihad.

« The Hamas leadership has disappeared, and someone needs to look after the Palestinians, » he said. « What’s wrong with the establishment of a committee to follow up on what’s happening in the Gaza Strip? Mahmoud Abbas is the president of all the Palestinians, and it’s his duty to follow up on the situation on all levels. »

Abdel Rahim denied allegations by Hamas that the PA was providing Israel with information about the whereabouts of Hamas leaders and the location of security installations.

« The information is coming from within Hamas’s ranks, » he charged. « Hamas has been infiltrated [by Israel]. »

He also denied that Fatah had set up special cells of its supporters in the Gaza Strip to help Israel get rid of Hamas and to prepare for the return of the PA.

The PA official accused Hamas of serving Iran’s agenda and of seeking to marginalize the role of Egypt, Saudi Arabia and other Arab countries in the region.

« Hamas is trying to turn this conflict into a card in the hands of the Iranians so that Teheran could later use it in negotiations with the Americans, » he said. « The Iranians want to appear as if they have influence in the region. »

Accusing the Hamas leaders of being « arrogant and political idiots, » Abdel Rahim said the Islamist movement did not believe that Israel would attack the Gaza Strip out of fear for the life of kidnapped IDF soldier Gilad Schalit and because of the upcoming general elections in Israel.

He also condemned Hamas Prime Minister Ismail Haniyeh for declaring that Hamas would not succumb even if the entire Gaza Strip were wiped out.

Le Hamas se tire une rafale de mitrailleuse lourde dans la tête

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J’ai appris que l’Autorité palestinienne, qui à Gaza est contrôlée par le Hamas, a décidé d’expulser de Gaza Amira Hass:

Haaretz Last update – 23:09 01/12/2008
Hamas tells Haaretz journalist Amira Hass to leave Gaza
By Tomer Zarchin, Haaretz Correspondent and The Associated Press
Veteran Haaretz journalist Amira Hass, who traveled by boat to Hamas-ruled Gaza last month in defiance of Israel’s blockade of the territory, was detained in Sderot on Monday after Hamas instructed her to leave the Strip.

The award-winning reporter said Hamas cited security concerns as the reason for her expulsion, but added that Hamas officials did not provide details about the alleged dangers to her safety.

She was apprehended at the Erez border crossing between Gaza and Israel, where soldiers said she did not have the proper documents to permit her initial entry into the Hamas-ruled territory.
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Hass defied Israel’s ban on its citizens entering Gaza, in place since the outbreak of Israeli-Palestinian fighting in 2000, when she entered the Strip by boat on November 8.

The danger to Israelis was highlighted after Palestinian militants, including those from Hamas, captured Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit in a cross-border raid in 2006. Shalit remains in captivity, presumably held by Hamas.

Israel also maintains a blockade on Gaza, imposed after Hamas seized power there last year.

An Israeli injunction issued by the Israel Defense Forces also prohibits foreign journalists from entering the Gaza Strip.

Chief Superintendent Shimon Nahmani, the commander of the Sderot police department, said that Hass had arrived at the border crossing on her way back into Israel from Gaza, where she was taken into police custody and escorted to the Sderot police station for questioning.

« We questioned her and she said that she entered Gaza for work purposes and that no one tried to prevent her from entering, » he said, adding that she had been released and that the case will be handed over to the courts during the coming week.

Hass arrived in Gaza on a boat carrying pro-Palestinian activists who were trying to draw attention to hardship in Gaza as a result of the border closures. Israel let the boats through, but on Monday turned back a Libyan freighter that was to deliver 3,000 tons of humanitarian aid to Gaza.

Hass said she had hoped to stay in Gaza until January.

Shadowy Gaza groups have kidnapped reporters in the past. However, no journalists have been kidnapped since Hamas seized power.

Security officials from Hamas accompanied Hass while she was in Gaza. Hass said she did not request Hamas escorts.

Hamas spokesmen were not available for comment on Monday.

Hass, known for her sympathetic coverage of the Palestinians, is well known in the Gaza Strip. She wrote a book about Gaza and lived in the territory for several years. She currently lives in the West Bank town of Ramallah.

Hass is the recipient of several awards for her reporting, including a United Nations award in 2003.

Pour ceux qui ne la connaîtraient pas, cette journaliste israëlienne est, avec d’autres journalistes du même quotidien (Haaretz) tels que Gideon Levy et Tom Segev, une des critiques les plus conséquentes et assidues de la politique de colonisation d’Israël en Palestine. Leur ethnicité leur permet sans doute de tenir des propos d’une dureté qui vaudraient sans doute licenciement et poursuites pénales à votre serviteur.

La situation en Palestine est d’une confusion détestable: entre les collabos autour d’Abou Mazen et de Mohamed Dahlan et les pestiférés du Hamas, l’embryon de guerre civile inter-palestinienne obscurcit les crimes continus du gouvernement israëlien, qui colonise, discrimine et tue sans discontinuer. D’une clarté autrefois limpide, la question palestinienne prend désormais l’allure d’une vendetta entre clans siciliens ou albanais. En interdisant à Amira Hass l’accès à Gaza, le Hamas fait taire une voix qui rappelait inlassablement la réalité de la colonisation.

Il faut défendre les Palestiniens en dépit de leurs « représentants »…

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