Israël ne discrimine pas entre ses habitants, surtout à Al Qods

Lu sur le site d’ACRI (Association for Civil Rights in Israel), au sujet de la situation à Al Qods:

East Jerusalem in Numbers
Number of [Palestinian] residents: Approximately 256,820 (34% of the Jerusalem population) [December 2007 data]
[Palestinian] Families under the poverty line: 67% (as opposed to 21% of Jerusalem’s Jewish families) [2006 data]
Children under the poverty line: 77.2% of the Arab children in the city (as opposed to 39.1% of the city’s Jewish children) [2006 data]
Expropriated land: Since annexing East Jerusalem, the Israeli government has expropriated 24,500 dunams (over a third of the area), which were privately owned by Arabs.
Construction: By the end of 2007, 50,197 housing units for the Jewish population had been built on the expropriated land; no housing units had been built for the Palestinian population on the expropriated land.
Sewage line shortage: 70 kilometers of main sewage lines are lacking.
Lack of water connections: Approximately 160,000 Palestinian residents have no connection to the water network.
Shortage of school classrooms: There is a shortage of 1,500 classrooms.
School dropout rate: Currently stands at approximately 50%.
Average social worker caseload: 190 households per social worker (as opposed to 111 households per social worker in West Jerusalem).
Number of post offices: 2, plus 5 postal agencies (as opposed to 50 postal facilities in West Jerusalem).

Sur le site de Btselem, on y lit des choses intéressantes sur le statut légal de la partie d’Al Qods occupée en 1967, communément appelée Jerusalem-Est:

Palestinians hold the status of « permanent resident » of the State of Israel. This is the same status granted to foreign citizens who have freely chosen to come to Israel and want to live there. Israel treats Palestinian residents of East Jerusalem as immigrants who live in their homes at the beneficence of the authorities and not by right. The authorities maintain this policy although these Palestinians were born in Jerusalem, lived in the city, and have no other home. Treating these Palestinians as foreigners who entered Israel is astonishing, since it was Israel that entered East Jerusalem in 1967.

L’urbanisme à Jérusalem se décide selon des critères ethniques:

The Mufti of Jerusalem, Sheikh Mohammed Hussein, and the Palestinian Governor of Jerusalem, Mr. Adnan al-Husseini, opened the press conference and emphasized the grave dangers facing the Palestinian community in East Jerusalem and the importance of the legal and professional work on land and planning issues in the city. Adalah’s General Director Attorney Hassan Jabareen then stated that the goal of the press conference was to expose the work of the Israeli bureaucracy as it affects Jerusalem and the future of the city, since the media only covers issues related to Israel’s visible policies in Jerusalem, such as home demolitions. Land planning policies, however, remain hidden, despite the fact that they are determining the city’s fate over the long term and directly affect the day-to-day lives of Palestinians living there.

Adalah Attorney Suhad Bishara gave a comprehensive presentation of the proposed plan and the effect it will have on the lives of Palestinians in Jerusalem, and on the general character of the city. Attorney Bishara emphasized that the plan is a continuation of the planning approach that is followed by Israel in occupied East Jerusalem, and which does not benefit its Palestinian population, but rather seeks to maintain a permanent Jewish majority within the area designated “united greater Jerusalem.” Under the plan, the proposed highways and railways will preclude the development of the Palestinian community in East Jerusalem and will cut the Arab neighborhoods off geographically from one another. These transportation networks will also make it more difficult for Palestinians to reach their land. The plan would also further entrench the settlements in East Jerusalem and the surrounding area, as well as connect them to each other and to cities inside Israel.
NEWS UPDATE, 27 November 2008, Adalah and Civic Coalition: New Master Plan for Jerusalem District will Place Palestinians in the City in a Stranglehold, Further Entrench the Settlements and Alter the City’s Demographic Composition

Enfin, via le blog Israel Uncovered, j’apprends qu’un général israëlien sera poursuivi pour avoir laissé son fils conduire un véhicule militaire, mais pour avoir tué des civils palestiniens:

Brigadier General Moshe « Chico » Tamir is a devoted and loving father who let his 14-year-old son drive a military all-terrain vehicle. Being the law-abiding organization that it is, the Israel Defense Forces probed the incident, calling it « serious. » As a result, Tamir’s promotion may be put on hold and he may be indicted. Certainly, a brigade commander who tried to cover up his son’s accident by lying deserves to be punished. But the commander of the Gaza Brigade deserves much more for acts considerably more serious – acts that the world defines as war crimes and for which no one has been held accountable. I would like Tamir, the dedicated father, to meet a girl the same age as his beloved son whose world fell apart when she was 14 years old. I saw her in mourning in November 2006, in the courtyard of her destroyed house in Beit Hanun. Islam Athamneh lost eight family members: Her mother, grandmother, grandfather, aunts, uncles and cousins. They fled their house when it was struck by a shell and were killed by another onslaught. The legs of Abdullah, her three-year-old brother, were blown off. Islam, whose father had died years earlier, became an orphan. The soldiers who fired the 11 shells at houses in Beit Hanun were under the command of Tamir, the dedicated dad who let his son take a Tomcar for a joyride. Some 22 people were killed in the shelling and another 40 were hurt. Most lost limbs or sustained head wounds.

(…) Former IDF chief Moshe Yaalon once said about this officer and gentleman that he needs « reeducating » because of endemic disciplinary problems in his brigade. The person who bragged that his brigade behaved like Rottweilers; who thought more violence should be used against Palestinians; who said that the destruction his soldiers caused in a Jenin refugee camp did not « cause him any moral dilemmas, » may now finally be punished. And for what? A Tomcar. And what might just spare him? For all his misdoings, this man may be cleared of blame because he is considered a « well-respected and important » officer in the IDF.

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